Atmospheric methane grew very rapidly in 2014 (12.7±0.5 ppb/yr), 2015 (10.1±0.7 ppb/yr), 2016 (7.0± 0.7 ppb/yr) and 2017 (7.7±0.7 ppb/yr), at rates not observed since the 1980s. The increase in the methane burden began in 2007, with the mean global mole fraction in remote surface background air rising from about 1775 ppb in 2006 to 1850 ppb in 2017. Simultaneously the 13C/12C isotopic ratio (expressed as δ13CCH4) has shifted, in a new trend to more negative values that have been observed worldwide for over a decade. The causes of methane’s recent mole fraction increase are therefore either a change in the relative proportions (and totals) of emissions from biogenic and thermogenic and pyrogenic sources, especially in the tropics and sub‐tropics, or a decline in the atmospheric sink of methane, or both. Unfortunately, with limited measurement data sets, it is not currently possible to be more definitive. The climate warming impact of the observed methane increase over the past decade, if continued at >5 ppb/yr in the coming decades, is sufficient to challenge the Paris Agreement, which requires sharp cuts in the atmospheric methane burden. However, anthropogenic methane emissions are relatively very large and thus offer attractive targets for rapid reduction, which are essential if the Paris Agreement aims are to be attained.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStockBy ABC News(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Monday’s sports events:NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION PRESEASONCleveland 116, Indiana 106New Orleans 114, Miami 92Toronto 112, Charlotte 109Dallas 128, Milwaukee 112Memphis 123, Minnesota 104Utah 111, Phoenix 92NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUEBaltimore 45, Cleveland 42TOP-25 COLLEGE BASKETBALLRutgers 74, Maryland 60Marquette 89, Creighton 84Idaho at Gonzaga (Canceled)DePaul at Villanova (Postponed)Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved. Beau Lund December 15, 2020 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup — 12/14/20 Written by
View post tag: Navy View post tag: welcomes View post tag: members September 13, 2011 Back to overview,Home naval-today Australia: Aviation Support Welcomes its First Members View post tag: News by topic A clear lower deck was called at NU808 Squadron on August 26 when the Commander of the Fleet Air Arm, CDRE Peter Laver, presented the first members of the Aviation Support (AVN) category with their rate badges.CDRE Laver also welcomed CPOs Robert Strutt, Peter Cassar and Christopher Swift, and LSs Andrew Easton and Michael Arrowsmith, and their families, to the RAN, the Fleet Air Arm and the Shoalhaven community.CDRE Laver said with the coming introduction of the Canberra Class Landing Helicopter Dock ships, the AVN category would be fundamental in the success of aviation operations in the class.“These five men will be critically involved in AVN course development and I anticipate they will all have important roles to play in guiding and leading this category,” CDRE Laver said.Chief of Navy directed the re-establishment of the AVN category in March 2010. The five Royal Navy lateral transfer sailors enlisted in the RAN during a ceremony at Australia House in London on August 11.CPO Strutt, who has 20 years’ Royal Navy experience, said the move to Australia was a major shift for him and his family, but it was one they were ready for.“I’m really looking forward to the challenges in front of me and building on the good work already done by CPO Mark Woodall in setting up the course,” he said.LS Easton shared this enthusiasm. “I’m looking forward to working with the team,” he said. “I’ve always wanted to come to Australia and I was tempted by the lifestyle, sport and the challenge of something new, so I just thought ‘why not give it a go’?”NU808 Squadron was chosen to host the event in recognition of the close professional relationship that will exist between the AVN category and 808 Squadron flights.[mappress]Source: navy, September 13, 2011; View post tag: aviation View post tag: its View post tag: first View post tag: Naval Australia: Aviation Support Welcomes its First Members View post tag: Support Authorities Share this article
City Council met in executive session recently to discuss another age-discrimination lawsuit from an Ocean City Beach Patrol lifeguard who lost his job after he failed a physical recertification test.Paul McCracken, who was 52 in summer 2011 when he failed the swimming test for returning lifeguards, sued in June 2013. His lawsuit claims the city deliberately changed the requalification standards to force senior lifeguards to retire.Ocean City paid Mike Hamilton $50,000 in 2011 and paid Edwin Yust $75,000 in 2013 to settle similar lawsuits. The city paid former OCBP Captain Oliver Muzslay $450,000 in 2008 in another age-discrimination suit.Council met Oct. 22 to discuss the McCracken lawsuit in closed session — sometimes a signal that the governing body is considering a settlement agreement to pay what they consider a smaller sum than they might risk losing in legal fees for even a winning trial. The city admitted no guilt in any of the previous settlements.But McCracken’s attorney, Kevin Costello of Costello & Mains in Mount Laurel, said on Wednesday no settlement agreement has been reached to date.McCracken’s lawsuit — against the City of Ocean City, former Fire Chief Joseph Foglio, Deputy Fire Chief Charles Bowman and Beach Patrol Operations Director Tom Mullineaux — relates to actions taken by the beach patrol in 2008 and 2009, and a test he failed in 2011.In 2009, the beach patrol eliminated a tiered system of swimming and running tests that did not require senior lifeguards to meet the same standards as younger guards. The new tests require all returning lifeguards to meet the same standards (200-meter swim in 3:30 and 800-meter run in 3:45).After passing the new tests in 2009 and 2010, McCracken failed to make the required swim time in June 2011.The lawsuit further alleges that then Fire Chief Joseph Foglio in 2008 took $53,000 from the beach patrol operations he supervised and transferred it to the Fire Department. The suit claims Foglio tried to cut beach patrol expenses by reducing the hours of senior lifeguards and forcing them to retire to protect their pensions (which are based on gross wages for the last year worked or the average of the last three years worked).McCracken worked as a senior guard, a position that includes both administrative and regular lifeguarding duties.The suit seeks compensatory and punitive damages, attorney’s fees and restoration of full pension benefits.
Pinterest By Associated Press – February 25, 2020 1 261 Google+ Twitter Google+ Twitter The South Bend Tribune reports that Mishawaka High School enacted a policy this year allowing resource officers to issue tickets to students caught vaping at least twice.Violations carry a $145 fine among other consequences. Mann says Mishawaka officials devised a plan last summer to address the mounting number of students vaping, a practice in which nicotine is heated and inhaled through a pen-like device.Mishawaka students received 75 out-of-school suspensions for tobacco use last school year. So far, 40 students have been suspended this year. Mishawaka HS cracks down on student vaping with fines In this Friday, Oct. 4, 2019 photo, a woman using an electronic cigarette exhales in Mayfield Heights, Ohio. Only two years ago e-cigarettes were viewed as holding great potential for public health: offering a way to wean smokers off traditional cigarettes. But now Juul and other vaping companies face an escalating backlash that threatens to sweep their products off the market. (AP Photo/Tony Dejak) Pinterest WhatsApp Facebook IndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market Previous articleAge Of Excellence Awards nominations are now openNext articleGrants seek market-based reductions of Great Lakes pollution Associated PressNews from the Associated Press and its network of reporters and publications. WhatsApp Facebook
The reasons are complex and not fully understood, but may include fear of pain or treatment side-effects.The study, in collaboration with University College London, looked at adults diagnosed with malignant cancer over a 20-year period from PHE’s National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (NCRAS), compared with mortality data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS). It identified 2,491 cancer patients whose cause of death was recorded as suicide or an open verdict.Advances in care and treatment mean more people with cancer are surviving and living longer; however, this study suggests many are struggling with their diagnosis.This highlights the need for emotional support – including targeted psychological screening – to be integrated early into cancer care, alongside diagnosis and treatment. It is important for health professionals to consider the risk of suicide to help avoid potentially preventable deaths.Dr Jem Rashbass, Cancer Lead at Public Health England said: Andrew Kaye, Head of Policy at Macmillan Cancer Support, said: mesothelioma pancreatic cancer oesophageal cancer lung cancer stomach cancer Receiving a cancer diagnosis can be devastating, which is why it’s so important for every patient and their carers to get the support they need. This study shows how critical the first 6 months are to quality of life and reducing the risk of suicide. Health professionals play a vital role in offering emotional support to cancer patients at this most difficult time. It is important that they recognise the signs of depression, especially when their patients may often have many other physical needs.” Cancer patients in England are at increased risk of suicide compared to the general population, according to new figures from Public Health England (PHE).The first national study of its kind in England reveals cancer patients have a 20% increased risk of suicide, with the highest risk seen within the first 6 months of diagnosis.The findings of the study, presented at PHE’s Cancer Services, Data and Outcomes Conference, show cancers with poorer prognoses are associated with the highest risk, including: Being told you have cancer is like being plunged into the unknown and can be an incredibly difficult and frightening time. That’s why it’s so important that people are given the right support to find their best way through from the moment they’re diagnosed. Empowering people with cancer to have difficult conversations about how they are feeling and providing vital support are critical to avoiding potentially preventable deaths. Mental health should be taken just as seriously as physical health when looking at a patient’s holistic needs.
When people ask Aaron Dworkin why he cares so much about bringing diversity to classical music, he answers, “I am basically a black, white, Jewish, Irish Catholic, Jehovah’s Witness who plays the violin. … I am the definition of diversity, and really had no choice but to do this work.”Dworkin is spreading African-American and Latino diversity as the founder and president of the Detroit-based Sphinx Organization, which focuses on youth development and diversity in performing and appreciating classical music.Soundbytes: Catalyst Quartet at HarvardThe son of an unwed, white, Irish Catholic mother and an African-American Jehovah’s Witness, he was given up for adoption by his parents two weeks after his birth to a white Jewish couple from New York, both professors in neural and behavioral science with a love of music.Inspired by his adoptive mother, an amateur violinist, Dworkin took up the instrument at age 5. Three years later, while attending a concert by the violin virtuoso Isaac Stern at New York’s Carnegie Hall, Dworkin said he was struck by the “sense of awe it built in me about music.” The feeling has remained with him ever since.But along with his love of the art form came an understanding of its lack of diversity, and a desire to make that change, leading to the Sphinx Organization.Dworkin was at Harvard on March 11 to receive the University’s Luise Vosgerchian Teaching Award, which honors a nationally recognized educator and is administered by the Office for the Arts at Harvard.During a presentation in the Barker Center’s Thompson Room, Dworkin discussed some grim numbers, signifying what he called a “stark underrepresentation” of blacks and Hispanics in the nation’s classical music landscape.Blacks and Latinos represent only 4 percent of members in the nation’s 1,200 orchestras, according to a survey conducted by the League of American Orchestras. But the problem runs much deeper than just the diversity of the stage performers, said Dworkin. The survey also found similar statistics among top administrative positions. Only about 4 percent of music directors or orchestra conductors are black or Latino. The numbers are worse for executive director and artistic administrator positions. “Statistically,” said Dworkin, “zero percent are black or Latino.”Even education and community relations directors, those charged with connecting an orchestra to its surrounding community, are rarely men or women of color. In addition, repertoires reflect no black or Latino composers, and audiences are largely composed of older, white members.But with Dworkin’s help, the tide is slowly shifting. His group includes the Sphinx Performance Academy, a full-scholarship, intensive chamber music and solo performance program designed for aspiring black and Latino string players; a professional development program that helps prepare young artists for a career in classical music; the annual Sphinx Competition, open to all junior high, high school, and college-age black and Latino string players in the nation; the Catalyst Quartet, composed of top laureates and alumni; and the Sphinx Symphony, an all-black and Latino orchestra made up of top professionals from around the country.Dworkin said his group has played a significant role in doubling the number of black performers in the nation’s orchestras. When his organization was founded in 1998, only about 1.16 percent of orchestras were black. Today that number is up to 2.5 percent. According to Dworkin, every new African-American member of an orchestra since 1998 has some tie to the Sphinx Organization.“We need to look at diversity as something that is critical to the evolution and survival of our field and our art form,” said Dworkin. “We have a great deal of distance to go; we are not yet done by any means.”Quoting civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., who met his wife while she was studying voice and violin at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Dworkin said, “Change does not roll in on the wheels of inevitability but comes through continuous struggle. … Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.”Fittingly, the Catalyst Quartet closed the discussion with a performance of Terry Riley’s “Sunrise of the Planetary Dream Collector.”
Project looking at how federal policies play out locally finds surprising ambivalences in Trump era ‘Will progressives and moderates feud while America burns?’ The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. Politics has seeped into every corner of our lives. Even announcements once thought above rank partisanship, such as states letting voters mail their ballots this fall and the death toll from the COVID-19 pandemic, now ignite accusations of political bias. Research by Harvard economists finds that politics don’t just influence people’s attitudes about economic issues and policies, it shapes their perceptions of verifiable reality.Studies of Republicans and Democrats, as well as Trump voters and non-Trump voters, found that people with opposing political views don’t simply see issues like income inequality through different lenses, those beliefs distort their basic understanding of the issues themselves even though accurate information is readily available, according to a working paper by Alberto Alesina, Nathaniel Ropes Professor of Political Economy; Armando Miano, a doctoral candidate; and Stefanie Stantcheva, a professor of economics. Alesina, a pioneer in the field of political economy, died of an apparent heart attack on May 23 at age 63.“All of this started with a push to really try to understand what’s in people’s heads,” said Stantcheva. The group decided to look at what drives people to support or oppose policies intended to reduce income and wealth inequality, like a progressive tax system, social insurance, and help for low-income families. “One thing that we’ve been doing a lot is to study what we can observe … like what people actually do, what people learn, and what people decide. What we really have not known until now so much is: What’s going on in the background? How do people think about their decisions? How do they decide which policies to support or not? How do they reason about these?”Understanding those underlying assumptions is harder than it first appears. Political opinions are formed based on a confluence of external and internal factors, and they can shift over time.The team first developed online surveys designed to elicit respondents’ political perceptions, values, and beliefs. They then asked thousands to share their views on social mobility, inequality, and immigration, three topics known to directly influence opinions on progressive economic policies, such as the redistribution of wealth.No surprise, Republicans and Democrats had different views about many things, such as how hard it is to achieve the “American dream,” whether the country should adopt a different tax system to give more people a larger share of the national income, and how much the government is to blame for rising inequality.,In a 2018 study, the researchers found that Americans as a whole largely overestimate how likely it is that a person born in the bottom 20 percent income bracket will rise into the top 20 percent.Both Republicans and Democrats also overestimated the size of the U.S. immigrant population and its dependence on government assistance, and underestimated its level of education. Republicans were almost twice as likely as Democrats, though, to think that the average immigrant gets twice the aid of a nonimmigrant with an identical resume.Why are perceptions on the left and right so far apart? Several factors seem to contribute, said Stantcheva. First and foremost, Republicans and Democrats tend to seek out very different news sources so they often get very different information. But even within those sources, the information that’s received is understood differently based on variables like a person’s education or life experiences, how much they trust the messenger or principals involved, their prior beliefs about a given issue, and other ideas they associate with an issue.“How much you’re going to change your belief as a function of that information is going to depend on the weight you put on it, and that weight will depend on what you already think,” she said. “Without interruption, it’s just a cycle that will reinforce itself.”Democrats and Republicans were starkly divided on the topic of immigration and what to do about it, perhaps because it’s so often in the news and discussed in predominantly negative and emotionally charged terms. Where they were in sync was how misinformed they were.“Immigration is an area where there’s a very widespread misperception,” said Stantcheva. Even though liberals broadly view immigrants more favorably, they had no better handle on how the newcomers impact the U.S. than conservatives did. “One group is not necessarily more wrong than the other. Everybody’s quite wrong.”Complicating matters is the fact that simply presenting accurate data to the misinformed doesn’t always work. On matters like social mobility opinions can be moved with statistics, but on especially partisan issues like immigration, facts appear to do little to change viewpoints, the researchers found.One experiment showed that even when given an opportunity to learn the facts about immigrants in the U.S. for a nominal sum, those holding the most negative and most inaccurate perceptions were the least willing to pay.“The people who most need the information are going to be the least likely to seek out that information. It seems that either they don’t realize that they’re wrong, or they’re just very entrenched in their beliefs, and do not want their beliefs to be changed,” said Stantcheva.What does change minds on a highly divisive topic like immigration? Stories and questions.Telling emotional stories about a day in the life of almost impossibly hard-working immigrants who just need a hand up can move people’s views about immigrants and redistribution in a more positive direction. But priming folks with questions is even more effective — at turning them against it.“If you ask people questions about immigration — just the questions, without any information — and you ask them, ‘How many immigrants are there? How many are unemployed, etc.?’ If you ask those questions before you ask questions on the tax system, on health insurance, etc., people … become less progressive, less inclined to these solutions,” said Stantcheva. “Just making people think about the immigrant issue … makes them less willing to support redistribution.”So far, this research has shed a lot of new light on what’s happening to shape political opinions, a vantage point not typically taken in other data sets but one that has “a ton of policy implications,” she said.“By understanding the thought process, we can actually design better learning. We can design better information interventions that can actually help people understand the economy, economic policies, all these phenomena, better.” Is rural America solidly red? Not exactly, Harvard scholars say Related Discussion takes a look at why arguments fail and why the sides cannot agree Washington Post columnist E.J. Dionne outlines a path forward in his new book ‘Code Red’ Why ‘truth’ beats facts
Photo courtesy of Paul Mow The cast of the South Bend Civic Theatre’s production of “In the Heights” hold up the flags of several Latin American countries and Spanish-speaking territories in their performance. The musical will run through March 25.“In the Heights” is the story of four lead characters, Usnavi, Vanessa, Benny and Nina, who all live and work in Washington Heights — a racially-diverse neighborhood in New York City, Thomas said.As someone from Puerto Rico and a fan of Lin-Manuel Miranda, Rivera-Herrans said he knew he had to audition for South Bend Civic Theatre’s production of “In the Heights.” Four months later, he has taken on the role of Usnavi, a character Miranda wrote and originated on Broadway.“[The character] feels like a glove on me. He’s an energetic guy, he’s Hispanic,” Rivera-Herrans said. “Half the time people are like, ‘Are you even acting?’”Thomas plays Vanessa, one of the female leads who wants to leave Washington Heights more than anything. Thomas said the hardest part about portraying Vanessa is embodying Vanessa’s experiences and their complexities.“She’s a difficult character to play because she goes through things that I have not yet experienced,” she said. “Vanessa’s father is not in the picture and her mother drinks away Vanessa’s money. So what I had to do was look inside myself and think, ‘What were the moments where I felt like I’ve worked hard for something and deserved something and I don’t get that something?’ Vanessa wants to leave — I’ve related that to my desire to leave Indiana and go to New York.”Notre Dame sophomores Natalie Behling and Kassadee Ifft became involved through a Spanish class. “The show is of professional quality, and it has been incredible seeing it take shape from audition day to now,” Behling said.Behling photographed the production process and Ifft worked as an usher for one of the performances.“It was ‘excelente,’” Ifft said. “It was partly in Spanish, partly in English, so it was a way to unite so many different populations of people. … This was my first South Bend Civic show and I quickly emailed my professor and was like, ‘Hey, do they have any other positions open? Because I want to go again.’”SBCT executive director Aaron Nichols said past productions of the show in Chicago and Australia were heavily criticized and even shut down due to “whitewashing,” and this was not a mistake he wanted to repeat. The theatre began building bridges in South Bend’s Latin American community before they even officially decided to put on “In The Heights,” he said.“[We were] going into communities instead of [having] the kind of ‘Field of Dreams’ mentality. You know, ‘If you build it, they will come.’ You can’t expect that to work,” Nichols said.Thomas said the show is very timely and offers its support to those still affected by Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico.“This show is coming at a perfect time with what we see happening in Puerto Rico,” she said. “In 2008 — which is when this show is set — in Washington Heights there was a power outage that went on for a day or longer. … These people were out of power for a long time. If you think about Puerto Rico right now, they’ve been out of power for months and this show is coming at a perfect time where we can reflect on that and what it’s like to come together as a community to support people.”The cast’s diversity and connections to the story is what makes this production of “In the Heights” so unique, Thomas said.“I love the show because I love being immersed in the cultural aspect,” she said. “Everyone in the production has ties to it and can relate to the story and the characters because it is them.”Tags: Diversity, In the Heights, lin-manuel miranda, South Bend Civic Theatre, Washington Heights The South Bend Civic Theatre’s (SBCT) production of “In the Heights,” which runs through March 25, features three students from the Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s community: Notre Dame sophomores Jay Rivera-Herrans and Samuel Jackson, and Saint Mary’s sophomore Rachel Thomas.
Department of Banking, Insurance, Securities & Health Care Administration (BISHCA) Commissioner Steve Kimbell today announced the appointment of Georgia John Maheras as Deputy Commissioner of Health Care Administration. The Health Care Administration is responsible for oversight of health insurance companies in Vermont, the Hospital budget review process and hospital capital expenditures through the Certificate of Need (CON) process.Maheras will assume the position effective August 29. Maheras brings to BISHCA a diverse background in health care, having worked both for a major managed care company in Massachusetts and a variety of policy and advocacy organizations. An attorney, she has served as a health care advocate for Boston-based organizations including Health Care for All and Health Law Advocates, where she engaged in litigation, policy development and legislative advocacy.Maheras served as a Consumer Representative Appointee to the National Association of insurance Commissioners.‘Georgia is a great addition to BISHCA and to the Shumlin administration’s health care reform team,’ said Kimbell. ‘Her experience will be extremely helpful as we move forward with implementation of Act 48, the health care reform legislation signed by the Governor on May 26th.’BISHCA 7.8.2011 # # #