Tag: 上海楼凤

Scholars greet Paris exit as multifaceted mistake

first_imgThough other nations appear to be standing firm on their climate commitments, and U.S. states, cities, and business leaders have reaffirmed pledges to climate goals, action by the federal government is hard to replace when it comes to such a sweeping problem, Harvard scholars say.With a week to assess the fallout from President Trump’s decision to pull the U.S. from the Paris climate agreement, faculty members were quick to note that the withdrawal isn’t immediate — it will take years to carry out. But U.S. momentum toward a solution will be lost, along with the expertise of scientists who turn their careers to other questions.In the days after the president’s announcement, leaders in higher education made their voices heard on the decision. A dozen research institutions issued the “Affirmation of Leading Research Universities’ Commitment to Progress on Climate Change,” which restated a commitment made prior to the 2015 Paris climate talks, when 318 institutions signed the “American Campuses Act on Climate Pledge.”The new statement, signed by Harvard President Drew Faust as well as the presidents of MIT, Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Duke, Georgetown, Johns Hopkins, Stanford, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania, says that the transition to a low-carbon future is becoming increasingly urgent and that the schools will work toward that transition, both through sustainable operations on campus and broadly in society.The broader picture was on the minds of Harvard faculty members in a series of conversations following the decision.Robert Stavins, the Kennedy School’s Albert Pratt Professor of Business and Government, discussed the impact of the decision on the agreement itself and on the future commitment of signatory nations:With the United States out of the Paris agreement, it loses the ability to pressure other countries, such as the large, emerging economies, to do more.Worse yet, the announced departure may encourage some countries to do less than they had planned. In the worst possible outcome, the U.S. announcement might eventually even lead to the broad Paris coalition unraveling. However, initial indications from the EU, China, India, and other key parties to the agreement are that they will maintain their targets, and some may even make them more aggressive because of Trump’s shortsighted action. But only time will tell.As President Barack Obama’s science adviser and director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, John Holdren was in the thick of climate change policy efforts. We asked Holdren, the Teresa and John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy at HKS, about how the withdrawal might affect the federal government.Under the terms of the Paris agreement, a country announcing its intention to withdraw nonetheless officially remains a party for a further three-plus years. Thus, despite President Trump’s announcement of June 1, the United States will be a party to the agreement until late 2020.What is most significant operationally is his statement that the United States would cease implementing the agreement effective immediately. That intention was already evident in President Trump’s multiple executive orders undoing President Obama’s climate-change initiatives, and in his proposed budget cuts for the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Energy, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, among others.The Paris agreement does not specify any penalties for failure to implement, but penalties there will be, starting with a huge loss of momentum in the federal government’s work to address the climate change challenge. That work has included, crucially, basic and early stage applied research underpinning the development of cleaner energy-supply technologies; higher-energy-efficiency vehicles, buildings, and manufacturing processes; and a smarter, more flexible, more resilient electricity grid. It has included initiatives to build preparedness for, resilience against, and adaptation to the changes in climate that are ongoing and destined to grow for decades to come in spite of whatever efforts are mustered globally to reduce emissions. It has included collaborations with and assistance for developing countries, in order to speed their progress on emissions reductions and preparedness, resilience, and adaptation. And it has included climate change monitoring and analysis to increase understanding of what is happening, what is coming, and how best to cope.Slashing these efforts will mean many capable civil servants in all these domains will leave government, making it challenging to resurrect such efforts when more sensible leadership in the White House materializes. It will also mean climate change and clean energy researchers and analysts in national labs, universities, businesses, and independent research centers who have been supported by government funds will need to find alternative sources of support or find other things to do.Clearly, the penalties we will all pay will include not only a slower pace of U.S. emissions reductions and resilience building — despite all efforts by states, cities, businesses, civil society, and individuals to compensate for the federal government’s dereliction — than would have been the case if the Trump administration had stayed the course, but also slower progress in developing countries that lose U.S. assistance. All this, in turn, will mean bigger changes in climate and bigger impacts on human well-being resulting from those changes, here and around the world, than needed to happen.In addition, as many have already pointed out since the Trump announcement, the penalties paid by the United States in consequence of President Trump’s misguided decisions about climate policy, culminating in his renunciation of the Paris agreement, will include ceding moral — as well as, probably, technological — leadership on the climate-change issue to other countries. This ceding of leadership is a huge blow to U.S. standing in the world, not to mention the likely ultimate loss of competitiveness in technologies for cost-effectively meeting the climate-change challenge. One must wonder, finally, how President Trump’s unilateral withdrawal from one of the most consequential and universal international agreements in history will affect the willingness of other countries to cooperate with us on the international stage when we need them.Edward Glaeser, the Fred and Eleanor Glimp Professor of Economics in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and former director of the Kennedy School’s Taubman Center for State and Local Government, assessed the potential for cities and states to play a bigger role.The ability of cities and states to take meaningful action on climate change is typically limited. The best strategies would [combine] the right, ideally global, carbon tax with enough investment in research and development. Few localities have the ability to fund significant research, and local controls on energy use can easily backfire by inducing the most energy-intensive industries to move elsewhere.California is, however, something of an exception because of its large size, economic strength, and inherent natural amenities. California’s actions do carry weight, although they are failing in their largest environmental task: allowing more construction. Per-household carbon emissions are much lower in coastal California than in other parts of the country, primarily because of warm Januaries and relatively cool Julys.If California environmentalists really wanted to reduce carbon emissions, they should stop opposing construction in greater San Francisco and Los Angeles. When environmentalists stop construction in coastal California, the builders and the households move elsewhere — to Atlanta, to Dallas, to Phoenix — where tougher climates lead to far more carbon emissions.William Hogan, the Raymond Plank Professor of Global Energy Policy at HKS, is an expert on a key industry in the climate debate: electricity. We asked Hogan about consequences for the power system.Litigation surrounding the Clean Power Plan, before the election of President Trump, created near-term uncertainty about the evolution of the power system. The additional uncertainty created by the Trump decision over the Paris agreement is relatively small, and depends on the actions of state and local governments.The importance of the Paris agreement has to do with the symbolism and the implications for the long-term evolution of climate-related policies. A carbon tax would be a better approach than the Clean Power Plan. A strong case can and has been made for a carbon tax as part of overall fiscal reform.Michael McElroy, the Gilbert Butler Professor of Environmental Studies at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and director of the Harvard-China Project, has long worked on environmental issues in China. We asked for his thoughts on the idea that the U.S. withdrawal provides an opening for China to assume leadership on climate change.The first problem is the danger that there’s going to be, in the short term, a lack of support for climate-related science in the United States. For example, U.S. scientists have had a major influence on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Many of the scientists come from government institutions — NOAA, NASA, and so on. Their travel and expenses associated with actually attending those meetings are supported by the U.S. government. I would be concerned that this administration will cut off that kind of support and so, in that way, leadership is going to be ceded to other countries, including China.That this action was taken to protect U.S. jobs is absurd. There is no implication for U.S. jobs in the Paris agreement. Is this going to provide more jobs for the coal industry? I don’t think so. The coal industry has been on its way down for 50 years, in terms of employment. Another question is whether we’re going to see a lack of support for renewable energy at the federal level. Renewable energy is a growing market and, as many people have pointed out, the investment in renewable energy in the United States has created more jobs than essentially anything else in the last few years. Are we going to see the new energy economy dominated by companies that have larger level of support in their home countries than in the United States?China, it seems to me, will view this as another example of inexperienced leadership at the presidential level in Washington, a recognition that this is not the way it was in the past, when you had professional leadership with an understanding of international issues. And maybe that this administration, at the highest levels, is not particularly reliable.In terms of climate change, I would think there would be no particular change in Chinese policy. Three factors drive Chinese policy. One is dealing with the air-pollution problem. Second is energy security. China does not have unlimited supplies of coal and is a major importer of natural gas and oil. Third is climate change, and they all come together in some sense.The incentive is to diversify the energy economy, to move away from reliance on fossil fuels. China is investing in nuclear, investing in wind, investing in solar, investing in hydro, and doing it at a breakneck pace and is going to continue to do that.It also has important foreign-policy implications because China is becoming a major investor in nuclear power in other parts of the world. It’s using its domestic expertise, which it largely got from Westinghouse, to build an international market for the Chinese nuclear industry, as it did before with solar.In the near term, we need to encourage expanded private-sector involvement in these issues. It also places a serious responsibility on us in terms of education. We need to really make sure we’re providing an honest, broad, scientific analysis of what the challenges are and what the problems are and what the opportunities are.last_img read more

Real Madrid set to announce £86m signing of Eden Hazard after Chelsea’s Europa League final clash against Arsenal

first_imgEden Hazard is set to join Real Madrid (Picture: Getty)Real Madrid will wait until after Chelsea’s Europa League final clash against Arsenal to announce the signing of Eden Hazard, according to reports in France.The Belgian has one year remaining on his deal at Stamford Bridge and he confirmed on Sunday that he’d informed the club of his decision ‘weeks ago’.While Hazard did not specify what his decision was, it’s believed he’s told Chelsea that he wants the chance to complete a dream move to Madrid to play under Zinedine Zidane.Zidane wants Hazard in for the start of pre-season and Madrid wanted to announce the deal as soon as possible.ADVERTISEMENT Metro Sport ReporterMonday 13 May 2019 2:58 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link2.8kShares Hazard appeared to say goodbye to Chelsea fans on Sunday (Picture: Getty)However, Chelsea play Premier League rivals Arsenal in the final in Baku in a fortnight and L’Equipe claim Real will do the Blues the courtesy of waiting until after the game to announce the signing.AdvertisementAdvertisementA fee of €100m – roughly £86m – is said to have been agreed several weeks ago, while Hazard is set to become one of the club’s highest earners.More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing ArsenalChelsea signed Chritisan Pulisic in January for £58m as a replacement for Hazard and the club must deal with the exit of the Belgian during a two-window transfer ban issued by FIFA.Hazard joined the Blues in 2012 and won two league titles, one Europa League, one FA Cup and one League Cup during his seven years with the club.He was crowned PFA Player of the year in 2015 after an eye-catching season under Jose Mourinho.MORE: Christian Pulisic names the ONE Chelsea star he can’t wait to play alongside Advertisement Comment Real Madrid set to announce £86m signing of Eden Hazard after Chelsea’s Europa League final clash against Arsenal Advertisementlast_img read more

Local Ford dealership helps raise cash for local schools, youth

first_imgFord Motor Company of Canada, Limited concluded a very successful first year of its Drive One 4 UR School and Drive One 4 UR Community programs in Canada. The programs, which began in April, raised a total of $460,180 to date benefitting more than 158 schools and community organizations across Canada. Through this initiative, B.C. community members had the opportunity to raise up to $6,000 for each local school and community organization that participated by test driving a Ford or Lincoln vehicle during 25 one-day events across the region in 2010. Ford of Canada and B.C. dealerships, who pledged $20 for every person from a unique household who test drove a 2010 Ford or Lincoln vehicle at Drive One 4 UR School and Community events, donated a total of $52,620 for local schools and community organizations this year.“We are very proud of the impact that this program has had in communities across British Columbia,” said Gerald Wood, general manager, Ford of Canada Western Region. “We were able to help a number of schools and community organizations in 2010, and based on the terrific response and positive outcomes for these groups, we’re pleased to continue this program in 2011.”Local participants in 2010 included the Castlegar Rebels hockey team, which raised $6,000, the Beaver Valley Nitehawks, which raised $6,000 for youth hockey, and the Trail Smoke Eaters, which raised $4,000. Ford and Lincoln dealers across B.C. are looking forward to building on this success in 2011 for local schools and organizations in need.“During a tough economy, school and community fundraising is hit particularly hard,” said Herb Amaral, Crewchief for AM Ford. “Our dealership held five events this year and we were thrilled and touched to see so many people come out and support each event.”Ford of Canada’s Drive One 4 UR School and Community programs, in conjunction with local dealerships, will continue to partner with eligible schools and community organizations to raise money in 2011.This article is a press release from Ford Canada.last_img read more

Let the Nelson Mixed Slopitch playoffs begin

first_imgDefending playoff champion Louies and 2013 regular season winners, Bogustown are the early favourites into this weekend’s Nelson Mixed Slopitch Championship tournament set for the Lakeside Diamonds. The first pitch goes Friday evening.Action continues Saturday with the finals in the A, B & C Divisions set for Sunday.In 2012, Louies knocked off Jackson’s Hole (now Sage).Bogustown defeated Sage to capture the 2013 regular season title during the final week of the season.last_img

Robinson outstanding as El Instituto de Mandevilla dominate champs

first_imgMandeville-based El Instituto de Mandevilla outclassed Kingston team Allman Town, 71-35, to win the 2016 Nestle Healthy Kids Primary/Prep Schools Badminton Championships on Sunday.The newly crowned primary/prep school champions achieved an impressive feat with four finals to go. They also had finalists in all the Under-11 events.El Instituto’s standout player, Matthew Robinson, took the gold medal in the Under-11 boys singles, defeating Toshiro Jones of St Hugh’s Prep 21-7.Robinson teamed up with Carlissia Wilkins to defeat Nathan Lindo and Carleeta Wilkins, 21-6, to take his second gold for his school.Meanwhile, Jones and Russell Bryan of St Hugh’s Preparatory clipped El Instituto’s Nathan Lindo and Jorie McBean, 22-20, in the Under-11 boys’ doubles.Also in the boys’ doubles, Robinson won his third gold medal, as he teamed up with Keyon’Dre McBean to defeat Belair’s Dossel Sinclair and Ande Stewart 21-12.It was excitement galore when AundrÈ Brown of Liguanea Prep faced off against Andre Stewart of Belair Prep, which saw Stewart fighting hard to take gold in a very close battle, winning 27-25.Sisters Carleeta and Carlissia Wilkins easily defeated Jade Ranger and Brittany Bell of Manchester-based Mandeville Primary and Junior High, 21-10, in the Under-11 girls doubles.Other outstanding performers included Rihanna Rust of St Richard’s Primary, who had a runaway victory over Shinelle Thomas of Mount Moriah, 21-4; and Carleeta Wilkins from El Instituto, 21-6, in the Under-13 and Under-11 girls singles, respectively.Belair Prep took the Under-13 girls doubles, courtesy of Aliyaa Dunkley and Anaiayah Fullerton, who defeated Hazard Primary’s Aliyah Bennett and Fabrese Woolery 23-21.In the Under-13 mixed doubles, Damion Wright and Aliyah Bennett of Hazard Primary totally outclassed Jamie Duhaney and Shinelle Thomas of Mount Moriah Primary 21-3.last_img read more

Chelsea v Man Utd line-ups: Kante plays, Luiz axed, United players return

first_imgDavid Luiz has been dropped for the game at Stamford Bridge, where N’Golo Kante starts.Chelsea boss Antonio Conte has brought in Andreas Christensen. Antonio Rudiger is on the bench and Luiz has been left out of the squad altogether.Kante finally returns to action following his hamstring problem, handing the champions a major boost.For United, Phil Jones, Antonio Valencia, Ander Herrera, Ashley Young, Henrikh Mkhitaryan and Marcus Rashford all returnChelsea: Courtois; Azpilicueta, Christensen, Cahill; Zappacosta, Bakayoko, Kante, Fabregas, Alonso; Hazard, Morata.Subs: Caballero, Rudiger, Ampadu, Drinkwater, Willian, Pedro, Batshuayi.Manchester United: De Gea, Bailly, Jones, Smalling, Valencia, Hererra, Matic, Young, Mkhitaruan, Lukaku, Rashford.Subs: Romero, Blind, Darmian, Fellaini, McTominay, Lingard, Martial. Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Dinosaurs Walked in Yemen

first_imgDinosaur tracks have been found in Yemen – a region with few fossils of dinosaurs.  The reports on National Geographic News, Science Daily and the BBC News said the tracks had been covered up with rubble and debris.    Dinosaur evidence is “exceptionally rare” in this part of the world.  The paleontologists believe that 11 sauropods were walking in the same direction.    The reports claim the rocks are 120 million years old.  It was surprising, however, to find ornithopods this large in late Jurassic strata; “it tells us right now that big ornithopod dinosaurs maybe appeared a little bit earlier than was assumed so far,” said one of the researchers.  It was also unexpected to find ornithopods and sauropods walking together, since, according to conventional wisdom, the two types of herbivorous dinosaurs “do not commonly co-occur or co-exist together.”Dinosaur tracks are fairly common throughout the world.  There are even some in southern Israel.  Texas, California, Utah, Mexico, Russia, and many other places have preserved tracks.  They don’t come with dates on them.  Certain reasonable inferences can be made about species, stride, and velocity.  Estimating the conditions necessary for preservation is also fair game.  The stories made up about when the creatures evolved and made the tracks, though, are interpretations of empirical evidence, not evidence itself.(Visited 6 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

New depreciation rules for 2018

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Brian E. Ravencraft, CPA, CGMA is a Principal with Holbrook & Manter, CPAsBusinesses can immediately expense more under the new law. A taxpayer may elect to expense the cost of any section 179 property and deduct it in the year the property is placed in service. The new tax law increased the maximum deduction from $500,000 to $1 million. It also increased the phase-out threshold from $2 million to $2.5 million.The new law also expands the definition of section 179 property to allow the taxpayer to elect to include the following improvements made to nonresidential real property after the date when the property was first placed in service:Qualified improvement property, which means any improvement to a building’s interior. Improvements do not qualify if they are attributable to: the enlargement of the building, any elevator or escalator or the internal structural framework of the building.Roofs, HVAC, fire protection systems, alarm systems and security systems are now subject to 179 expense.These changes apply to property placed in service in taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017. Temporary 100% expensing for certain business assets (first year bonus depreciation)The new law increases the bonus depreciation percentage from 50% to 100% for qualified property acquired and placed in service after Dec. 21, 2017, and before Jan. 1, 2023.The definition of property eligible for 100 percent bonus depreciation was expanded to include used qualified property acquired and placed in service after Sept. 27, 2017, if all the following factors apply (old rule was the qualified property had to be new versus used property):The taxpayer didn’t use the property at any time before acquiring it.The taxpayer didn’t acquire the property from a related party.The taxpayer didn’t acquire the property from a component member of a controlled group of corporations.The taxpayer’s basis of the used property is not figured in whole or in part by reference to the adjusted basis of the property in the hands of the seller or transferor.The taxpayer’s basis of the used property is not figured under the provision for deciding basis of property acquired from a decedent. Depreciation limitations on luxury automobiles and personal use propertyThe new law changed depreciation limits for passenger vehicles placed in service after Dec. 31, 2017. If the taxpayer doesn’t claim bonus depreciation, the greatest allowable depreciation deduction is:$10,000 for the first year,$16,000 for the second year,$9,600 for the third year, and$5,760 for each later taxable year in the recovery period. If a taxpayer claims 100% bonus depreciation, the greatest allowable depreciation deduction is:$18,000 for the first year,$16,000 for the second year,$9,600 for the third year, and$5,760 for each later taxable year in the recovery period. Changes to treatment of certain farm propertyThe new law shortens the recovery period for machinery and equipment used in a farming business from seven to five years. This excludes grain bins, cotton ginning assets, fences or other land improvements. This recovery period is effective for property placed in service after Dec. 31, 2017. Now is the time to planNow is the time to be thinking how the new depreciation laws will impact your 2018 tax planning. Many other changes occurred as well that may impact your overall planning to minimize taxes; therefore, be sure to contact your tax advisor so you are taking advantage of all the new tax law offerings. Information for this article was obtained from IRS Fact Sheet 2018-9.Brian E. Ravencraft, CPA, CGMA is a Principal with Holbrook & Manter, CPAs. Brian has been with Holbrook & Manter since 1995, primarily focusing on the areas of Tax Consulting and Management Advisory Services within several firm service areas, focusing on agri-business and closely held businesses and their owners. Holbrook & Manter is a professional services firm founded in 1919 and we are unique in that we offer the resources of a large firm without compromising the focused and responsive personal attention that each client deserves. You can reach Brian through www.HolbrookManter.com or at [email protected]last_img read more

Google Wave Now Open For All

first_imgGoogle just announced the general launch of Google Wave at its annual developer conference in San Francisco. Until today, Wave was an invite-only service, but starting now, anybody with a Google account will be able to log into Wave and use it without any restrictions. Google will also enable Wave for Google Apps users today. In order to educate these new users, the Google Wave team has also created a number of new videos and case studies that highlight how organizations can use Wave to collaborate more effectively.Collaboration: The Sweet Spot for WaveWhen we talked to the Wave team yesterday, the project’s co-founder Lars Rasmussen noted that since the launch of the invite-only beta, group collaboration in businesses, education, news organizations and at conferences has emerged as the sweet spot for Wave. That will be the use-case that the Wave team plans to highlight during the general launch and in the next few weeks. Why did Google decide to open up Wave now? According to the Wave team, the service is now stable and fast enough for a mainstream audience (crashes were a very common sight in the early days). During the invite-only testing period, the team added numerous new features that its early users requested. These include email notifications of updated waves and access controls for waves, as well as making it easier for users to reply and edit waves and find unread material in a wave. The team also introduced templates that make getting started easier for new users.Updates for DevelopersBesides opening up sign-ups for Wave, the team announced a number of developer features at I/O today. The next version of the Robots API, for example, will not only untie Wave robots from Google’s App Engine, but also allow developers to create “active” robots that can generate waves and update them. Google is launching improvements to the Embed API, including the ability to give readers anonymous access to waves. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#Google#news#Real-Time Web#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting frederic lardinois Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Maybe the most exciting update is that Google is releasing a new Data API that will allow developers to create lightweight Wave clients. For now, as Rasmussen noted in our interview, developers won’t be able to create full-fledged Wave clients yet, but the team has started to define a client and server protocol that will soon make it a possibility.In order to help developers create their own applications on top of the Wave APIs and bootstrap the Wave developer community, the team is open-sourcing the real-time Wave rich text editor. The Wave team has also made progress in getting companies like Novell and projects like PyGoWave, Ruby on Sails and QWave to support the wave federation protocol. The latest company to sign on to this project is SAP, which will use Wave in its StreamWork product.Join Our Discussion on Wave 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more